Authors

Husemann M, Haring E, Joger U, Rajaei H, Saboori A, Soofi M, Yusefi GH, Zahiri R

Abstract

Iran is one of the richest and most complex regions in western Asia from a biodiversity point of view. This is mainly due to its geographical location at a crossroad of the Palearctic, the Saharo-Arabian, and the Oriental zones, making it a prime example of a biogeographical transition zone. Further, two global hotspots of biodiversity are located in Iran: the Irano-Anatolian and the Caucasus hotspots. These unique biogeographical characteristics, together with high landscape heterogeneity and climatic diversity, all result in a great diversity of organisms. Yet, despite a long history of biogeographic research on its fauna, quantitative assessments of regional biogeographical patterns are largely lacking, and even many aspects of its biodiversity remain poorly studied. Hence, with the present Special Issue, we aim to provide an overview of current research on Iranian biodiversity, helping to improve our understanding of the region and facilitating international collaborations. We present a collection of 17 scientific articles covering different regions across Iran and neighboring countries and a wide range of taxa and methods.

 

Journal: Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research

Link: 10.1111/jzs.12549