Ecosystem functioning is known to be of major importance for the well-being of humans and the conservation of biological diversity is one key element in maintaining ecosystems in good condition and is central to main objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). In order to meet the CBD’s objectives the contributing parties have agreed on a Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011 – 2012. With the Diversity II Project the European Space Agency (ESA) aims at contributing to the implementation of the Strategic Plan by exploiting currently available Earth Observation (EO) data and by preparing for the use of future satellite’s data for two important ecosystems: Drylands and Inland waters.
The specific objectives of the Diversity II Project are to provide for selected key parameters, status maps, associated change maps, status indicators and trend indicators aggregated at different administrative and biome level. These key parameters are:
- For Inland Waters: availability of freshwater; quality of freshwater, reflected in its water constituents such as chlorophyll-a and/ or suspended matter concentration, as well as by its temperature; The products shall be provided on a global scale by producing results for at least 300 large perennial inland waters and covering a time range from 2002 to 2012.
- For Drylands and sub-humid lands, on a global scale: Net Primary Productivity (NPP), and/ or related indices on the vegetative/ biomass productivity; Rain use efficiency and/ or related indices on the land/ vegetation conditions (status and degradation).
Funding agency: ESA – European Space Agency
Budget: 98 000€
Project Code: Due Diversity II
Principal investigator: JC Brito